Arthritis in the Feet
How Arthritis causes Foot Pain
If your feet are stiff, swollen, or tender, you may be suffering from arthritis, which requires the specialized expertise of a podiatrist like those at Cincinnati Foot & Ankle Care to properly diagnose and treat. Left untreated, arthritis can be damaging to both the structure and function of your feet.
The most common types of arthritis in the feet are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and gout. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that occurs with age, in which the cartilage between the foot and ankle joints wears away, causing the bones to rub together. Injuries such as broken bones, torn ligaments, and ankle sprains can also cause arthritis to form.
Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory type of arthritis. It’s caused by an autoimmune reaction in which the body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joints (synovium), resulting in swelling and pain. It often affects the joints in the feet and ankles.
Gout is another type of arthritis that usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. Symptoms tend to occur suddenly, often at night. Gout can cause intense big toe joint pain, redness, and swelling.
The telltale signs of arthritis foot pain include:
- Swelling, redness, or inflammation of your toes (especially big toe joint pain) or any other joint
- Regular, recurring pain or tenderness in any of the joints of your foot
- Restricted motion in which you find it difficult to move any part of your foot normally
- Stiffness, particularly in the morning hours
Treatment for Arthritis in the Feet
Treatment for foot and ankle arthritis may include:
- Steroid medications that are injected into the affected joints
- Anti-inflammatory drugs designed to reduce joint swelling
- Pain relievers
- Physical therapy
- A cane or brace to support the joints
- Custom shoes
- Pads or arch supports
- Orthotics (inserts to support the foot or ankle)
For the best treatment options for foot arthritis in the area, you can depend on the podiatrists at Cincinnati Foot & Ankle Care to provide the individualized, cutting-edging support you need. To schedule an appointment, call the location nearest you, or you can request one online.